Parish Nurse Notes

Last month we looked at Diabetes. This month, we are going to discuss Pre-diabetes.

Pre-diabetes is a serious health condition where blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not quite enough to be considered Type 2 diabetes.

More than 1 out of 3 adults have pre-diabetes. Of those with pre-diabetes, 90% don’t know they have it!

Insulin is a hormone made by your pancreas that acts like a key to let blood sugar into the cells to use as energy. If you have pre-diabetes, the cells in your body don’t respond normally to insulin. Your pancreas makes more insulin to try to get the cells to respond. Eventually your pancreas can’t keep up and your blood sugar rises, setting the stage for pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes down the road.

Risk factors: overweight, 45yrs and older in age, having an immediate family member with diabetes, being physically active LESS than 3x a week, or having had gestational diabetes (diabetes during pregnancy).

How do you know if you have pre-diabetes? . . . Easy!

A simple blood test called a Hemoglobin (Hgb) A1C. Normal HgbA1C is less than 5.7%.

Pre-diabetes is a HgbA1C of 5.7-6.4%; type 2 is a Hemoglobin A1C of 6.5% or greater.

Watching your weight, getting regular physical activity, learning to make healthier food choices and managing stress will help to lower your risk.

In His Healing Love, Sarah (Parish Nurse)